In a day and age where a smartphone’s camera technology is one of the most marketed features, it’s safe to assume that as mobile phone cameras continue to improve, so will the images they produce. We know that your yearbook staff photographers will be at events, capturing important moments; but what about behind the scenes? What’s happening up in the stands? On the bus on the way to the big game? These are the moments that make up student life...and the moments that will, likely, be captured by smartphones. Cameras on smartphones have become so advanced, that few people feel the need to also own a point and shoot camera anymore. While they’ll probably never take the place of a dedicated DSLR with a larger image sensor, advancements like optical image stabilization, dual cameras and specially designed lenses are making it nearly impossible to tell what type of device captured an image. Taking a few moments to familiarize yourself with the camera technology included with your cell phone and learning how your device behaves in different situations will ensure that your yearbook will be full of beautiful photography...traditional camera or not!
10 Tips to Capturing the Perfect Picture With Your Phone
1. Know your settings. Reading manuals is boring - we know. Using all the camera settings available to you and learning to take advantage of your camera’s strengths will result in images no one would know were taken with a smartphone.
2. Know your surroundings. Are you in low light? Is the sun directly behind your subject? Take into consideration where you are, what time of day it is and where the light is in relation to your phone. Adjust your phone settings to what is optimal for your location or position yourself at a different angle so the light works with you rather than against you. The pickier you are when taking your photo, the less editing you’ll need to do later.
3. If You Have HDR – Use It. High Dynamic Range imaging (HDR) captures three photos at different exposures and uses the phone’s software to overlap the images. Phones with this feature give you two photos when HDR is turned on – one with the adjustments and one without. Typically, colors in HDR photos will be more vibrant as it makes sure photos are never under or overexposed. HDR is especially great for landscapes, portraits in harsh sunlight and when the setting has very low light. Just be careful when taking action shots; the camera takes three successive photos so it takes longer to capture the whole image. Movement can cause the final shot to look blurry or cause a halo around your subject.
4. Use flash sparingly. Although a great feature to have, the flash on your phone doesn’t produce the most natural looking photos. Unlike an external flash (the type your DSLR uses) which spreads light out and wraps your subject, the flash on a camera phone aims the light from the flash directly at the front of your subject. If the area you are attempting to photograph is poorly lit, the flash may wash out the subject or capture unnatural looking colors. The result will be a blurry or overexposed shot. On the occasion when the area you’re shooting in is just dimly lit rather than dark, the flash on your smartphone can act as a ‘fill light’ lifting dark areas and filling in shadows successfully. When in doubt, snap a photo with flash and without to test which produces a better result in your current setting. Try to avoid shooting into bright lights or you’ll end up with silhouettes around your subjects.
5. Stop using filters. While it’s fun to try out new filters and post images on any one of the dozen social media platforms readily available to you on your phone, fight the urge! When you save an image with a colorized filter or as a black and white image, you’re taking away the opportunity to use it in it’s orignal state or edit it differently for use somewhere else. Only use filters if you can apply to a copy or only to the version of the image posted in that particular app.
6. Know your camera’s resolution. For the most part, the higher the resolution (or megapixel), the more detailed your picture will appear – and better it will print in your yearbook. Low-resolution photos will almost certainly appear pixilated in your yearbook and we definitely don’t want that! We recommend camera phones with at least 6 megapixels for good-quality printing. The max you will need for print-quality in your yearbook would be 12 megapixels. That will get you a photo that can be blown up across an entire spread and still print clearly. Anything more than that may give you issues trying to upload it due to its large size. Here’s a rough guide for standard camera phone megapixel numbers and size to keep your photo at in order to ensure the best print quality:
3MP = maximum 5” x 7” photo (okay if it’s kept small)
6MP = maximum 6.5” x 10” photo (fine for candids)
10MP = maximum 8.5” x 14” photo (perfect for full page)
12MP = maximum 9.7” x 14.5” photo (full spread size)
7. Crop, don’t zoom. Zooming in on your subject is great feature in theory, however when using digital zoom the result will almost always mean a loss in image quality. When using a digital zoom feature, you can typically see on screen the degradation in quality. The smartphone is actually just extrapolating what already exists in previewed pixels...basically the device has to guess what the missing pixels should look like. Things get ugly quickly--don’t take chances. Get as close as you can, use the best camera orientation for the photo and then crop creatively later.
8. Keep still. This seems fairly obvious, but we thought we’d throw it out there as a reminder. As with all photography, the steadier your camera, the clearer your image will be. This is especially important if your phone has a slower “shutter speed” or the time between when you press the shutter button and when your camera actually takes the shot. Since this can be up to a second, make sure you hold the camera still for long enough or your shot may be a blurry mess.
9. Don’t Forget to Focus. Always use your phone’s focus features before taking a picture. Many newer smartphones have auto-focus tools and simple touch-screen features that make it incredibly convenient to make sure you’ve got your subject front and center. These built-in focus features make blurry subjects easily avoidable.
10. Keep your lens clean. Phones spend a lot of time being stuffed into things like pockets, bags and purses. Even with a protective case, your camera’s lens can still get dirty. Fingerprints are often the worst culprits of a blurry shot, but the constant rubbing against a pocket can smudge even the tiniest lens. Before snapping a shot, give your lens a quick wipe using a soft cloth. One to clean glasses or made specific for electronics is ideal, but your t-shirt will do in a pinch.
Taking photographs should be fun. The good news is, many newer smartphones are equipped with an impressive camera and take a lot of the guesswork out of shooting photos with their auto features. Image quality, as long as used at the original size (typically at least 2MB, do not use a compressed version when sharing or exporting) will be high enough resolution to print a 5x7 or smaller (approximately). The better you know your camera phone’s capabilities, the better chance you’ll capture the perfect shot. We want every picture you take this yearbook season to be the “one”!